Debris are seen after the tsunami damage at Sunda strait at Kunjir village in South Lampung, Indonesia on 28 December. Photo: ReutersAs Indonesia reels from the carnage of yet another natural disaster, authorities around the globe are working on how they can prepare for the kind of freak tsunami that battered coasts west of Jakarta this month.The 23 December tsunami killed around 430 people along the coastlines of the Sunda Strait, capping a year of earthquakes and tsunamis in the vast archipelago, which straddles the seismically active Pacific Ring of Fire.No sirens were heard in those towns and beaches to alert people before the deadly series of waves hit shore.Seismologists and authorities say a perfect storm of factors caused the tsunami and made early detection near impossible given the equipment in place.But the disaster should be a wake-up call to step up research on tsunami triggers and preparedness, said several of the experts, some of whom have traveled to the Southeast Asian nation to investigate what happened.”Indonesia has demonstrated to the rest of the world the huge variety of sources that have the potential to cause tsunamis. More research is needed to understand those less-expected events,” said Stephen Hicks, a seismologist at the University of Southampton.Most tsunamis on record have been triggered by earthquakes. But this time it was an eruption of Anak Krakatau volcano that caused its crater to partially collapse into the sea at high tide, sending waves up to 5 metres (16 feet) high smashing into densely populated coastal areas on Java and Sumatra islands.During the eruption, an estimated 180 million cubic metres, or around two-thirds of the less-than-100-year-old volcanic island, collapsed into the sea.But the eruption didn’t rattle seismic monitors significantly, and the absence of seismic signals normally associated with tsunamis led Indonesia’s geophysics agency (BMKG) initially to tweet there was no tsunami.Muhamad Sadly, head of geophysics at BMKG, later told Reuters its tidal monitors were not set up to trigger tsunami warnings from non-seismic events.The head of Japan’s International Research Institute of Disaster, Fumihiko Imamura, told Reuters he did not believe Japan’s current warning system would have detected a tsunami like the one in the Sunda Strait.”We still have some risks of this in Japan…because there’s 111 active volcanoes and low capacity to monitor eruptions generating a tsunami,” he said in Jakarta.Scientists have long flagged the collapse of Anak Krakatau, around 155 km (100 miles) west of the capital, as a concern. A 2012 study published by the Geological Society of London deemed it a “tsunami hazard.”Anak Krakatau has emerged from the Krakatoa volcano, which in 1883 erupted in one of the biggest explosions in recorded history, killing more than 36,000 people in a series of tsunamis and lowering the global surface temperature by one degree Celsius with its ash.Broken Warning SystemSome experts believe there was enough time for at least a partial detection of last week’s tsunami in the 24 minutes it took waves to hit land after the landslide on Anak Krakatau.But a country-wide tsunami warning system of buoys connected to seabed sensors has been out of order since 2012 due to vandalism, neglect and a lack of public funds, authorities say.”The lack of an early warning system is why Saturday’s tsunami was not detected,” said disaster agency spokesman Sutopo Nugroho, adding that of 1,000 tsunami sirens needed across Indonesia, only 56 are in place.”Signs that a tsunami was coming weren’t detected and so people did not have time to evacuate.”President Joko Widodo this week ordered BMKG to purchase new early warning systems, and the agency later said it planned to install three tsunami buoys on the islands surrounding Anak Krakatau.The cost of covering the country is estimated at 7 trillion rupiah ($481.10 million). That is roughly equivalent to Indonesia’s total disaster response budget of 7.19 trillion rupiah for 2018, according to Nugroho.But other experts say even if this network had been working, averting disaster would have been difficult.”The tsunami was very much a worst-case scenario for any hope of a clear tsunami warning: a lack of an obvious earthquake to trigger a warning, shallow water, rough seabed, and the close proximity to nearby coastlines,” said seismologist Hicks.In the Philippines, Renato Solidum, undersecretary for disaster risk reduction, said eruptions from the country’s Taal volcano had caused tsunami waves before in the surrounding Taal Lake.He told Reuters that what happened in Indonesia showed the need to “re-emphasize awareness and preparedness” regarding volcanic activity and its potential to trigger tsunamis in the Philippines.The United States has also suffered several tsunamis caused by volcanic activity, including in Alaska, Hawaii, and Washington, according to the national weather service.More EducatoinIn Indonesia earlier this year, a double quake-and-tsunami disaster killed over 2,000 people on Sulawesi island, while at least 500 died when an earthquake flattened much of the northern coastline of the holiday island of Lombok.In a country where, according to government data, 62.4 per cent of the population is at risk of being struck by earthquakes and 1.6 per cent by tsunamis, attention is now focused on a continued lack of preparedness.”Given the potential for disasters in the country, it’s time to have disaster education be part of the national curriculum,” Widodo told reporters after the latest tsunami.For Ramdi Tualfredi, a high school teacher who survived last week’s waves, these improvements cannot come soon enough.He told Reuters that people in his village of Cigondong on the west coast of Java and close to Krakatau had never received any safety drills or evacuation training.”I’ve never received education on safety steps,” he said.
BOMBILLAZTell us about yourselves. How did you guys come together/start off?Well, what comes to us, we mostly still define ourselves as just a group of friends and this is how and where it all started from as well. But to give this occasion a timeframe then, it was a year 2007 when the first track as a demo was realised and as a surprise for all of us, actually it did very well and got Bombillaz on a map straight away. The song was called Raggamasta. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’ What was the first big break for you guys?Continuing a story, I guess the beginning of a Bombillaz could also be listed us our breakthrough which was also recognised as a ‘Demo of the year’ award by Estonian radio station Radio 2. Was a great honour for us. How would you define your musical philosophy? ‘Don’t make music that you wouldn’t want to listen to yourself’ In our country, how easy (or difficult) is it to make a mark in the music scene? What do you think about the main issues are? Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixIn context of Estonian music scene, it is relatively easy to stand out and get noticed which directly benefits from the small size of the country (yes, there is only 1.3 million of us). However, that also plays a downside role in the game which means the music industry is small and tight. That results that most of the musicians have to be involved with numerous projects as it is very hard to live well, feed the family and pay taxes by just playing in one band. Tell us a bit about your music, what do you think defines you guys?In Estonia they sometimes call us ‘The sunshine band’ which we guess sums it up quite well. Where’s us, the Bombillaz, there’s always a party under a sunshine. We like to think we go together quite well. What/Who inspires you?A big pipe and a good meal-what else you really need right. But other than that, most definitely different cultures!HANSRAJ PROJEKTTell us about yourselves. How did you guys come together/start off?4 of the 6 members in Hansraj Projekt i.e Sajal Sharma, Nirupan Sinha, Prateek Narsimha and Vaibhav Ahuja were already students of The Hansraj College and were playing in their respective bands Raagleela and Freewill. It was only this year that our keyboardist and Indian Vocalist Anirudh Varma and Saptak Chattopadhyay came into the college through the Extra Curricular Activities Category. The need for a college band was prevalent and hence the 6 of us decided that a ‘project’ so to say should be started with the name The Hansraj Projekt. It not only defines the 6 of us and what we do but also all the student musicians who are yet to come to this college and grace it with their talents.What was the first big break for you guys?The first big break for The Hansraj Projekt was IIT Bombay’s annual cultural festival Mood Indigo where the band got the Best Band tittle at the Battle of the Bands.How would you define your musical philosophy?Our musical philosophy is: ‘Music is art, art is imagination and imagination is limitless’Tell us about your best tracksOne of our very first re-arrangements of a traditional Hindustani Bandish set in Raag Yaman and another original composition called Batiyaan which literally means ‘spoken words’ are two tracks which we really are satisfied with, because of the essence and variety of tones and background setting that both the songs get as the whole band contributes their individual parts very systematically.SAGE AND THE COMETSTell us about yourselves. How did you guys come together/start off?We all got together in Sri Venkateswara College. Aashish was already playing with Fire Exit but back then the line up and music were very different. When the vocalist and bassist left, he asked Aditya and me to try out, and this was the beginning of a completely new sound. During a college competition, Aashish and Aditya played with Varun, who they loved and we asked him to join us. With the second album, our sound changed even more and we also decided to rename the band since it was a long time coming so we’re Sage and the Comets now! What was the first big break for you guys?We had been playing gigs in the city for a few years, but in 2009, we got selected for Channel V Launch Pad and I think with that we sort of evolved drastically. So in terms of a ‘big’ break I think it would be that. We didn’t get to the finals, but the experience of traveling together and being on a show just magnified everything for us!How would you define your musical philosophy?Well for the longest time we had been playing music to please people. Lots of hard songs, complicated stuff and even covers just to get audiences to be happy. But with the new album, I think we’ve discovered a love for simplicity and in just creating and experiencing music together. I think in the process we’ve just taken whatever route has come to us naturally. So it’s difficult to categorise our music, because each song is a different story altogether. Tell us about your best tracksAmongst the new songs, Taking Shape which is a very mellow piano based song has hit it quite well with listeners. Its a simple composition that we just came up with and people seem to have liked it quite a bit. From the first album, Vacuum is one song that people have remembered and sung along with.TRITHATell us about yourselves. How did you guys come together/start off?I met Tritha in 2010, on the Neemrana production Hair where she was singing while I was doing the sound. We immediately clicked musically, and decided to create a new kind of fusion sound, based of course on Indian Classical music, but this time blended with Western punk and psychedelic sounds, rather than classic rock or pop ones. What was the first big break for you guys?The first one…? mmmmm the first one would have been in June 2010, when Tritha performed in the biggest church in Paris (St Eustache) on World Music Day. The audience was mesmerized and that was the beginning of Tritha’s special connection with France. How would you define your musical philosophy?Nietzschean. In our country, how easy (or difficult) is it to make a mark in the music scene? What do you think about the main issues are?The main issue right now in the country is the lack of good live music venues. I miss Blue Frog in Delhi. Tell us a bit about your music, what do you think defines you guys?Our music is free. On stage we never play the same thing twice. Just like in Indian Classical Music each musician knows the basic progression of what is going to happen, and improvises within that structure. The key is to listen.What/Who inspires you?People who follow their dreams… and succeed. e.g. Dave Grohl! What suggestions/advice would you have for newbies in music?Careful, make sure you’re 100 per cent serious and dedicated. Else better keep music as a hobby. The road is long.WHEN: 14 March, 7:30 pm onwardsWHERE: Garden of Five Senses read more
Kolkata: West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee today asked the people to exercise caution on news items being circulated on the social media as in many cases they are fake. Speaking at a gathering of cable TV operators here, Banerjee asked them to stay vigilant and urged them not to beam news items involving communal violence that can fuel trouble and unrest elsewhere.She requested the operators to felicitate government messages to be broadcast via cable TV to control such situations. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flights”Fake news is circulating in a big way. Fake news incite people leading to unrest. People should be aware of these and stay cautious,” Banerjee said.Quality should be maintained in serials where negativity is rampant causing social degradation, she said.On Tuesday’s nor’wester that left 18 dead and scores injured, Banerjee said, “We don’t have any control on natural calamities. But at least, we should not create man-made disasters.” The cable operators told her that their financial condition worsened after digital system was introduced replacing the analog system and the 25,000 odd cable operators in the state are in a sorry state of affairs. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedThe chief minister today set up a committee to solve their problems.The committee includes Urban Development Minister Firhad Hakim, Labour Minister Malay Ghatak, Youth and Sports Minister Arup Biswas, the Commissioner of Police, and representatives of broadcasters and cable operators.The state government will try to get a tripartite agreement to protect the interests of all, she said.Banerjee also asked cable operators to come under the fold of MSMEs and announced several social security schemes for them and their families. read more